Electronic Mail – E-mail, also known as electronic mail, is one of the most popular Internet services. E-mail allows you to send messages to one person, or to send a message simultaneously to a group of people. One of the greatest advantages of e-mail over other forms of communication is the convenience to the recipient. Messages wait in your mailbox until you open it. Another advantage of an Internet e-mail account is that you can check your e-mail from any location with an internet connection.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)-This facility is a method of gaining limited access to another machine in the Internet, and obtaining files from it. You need full Internet connectivity, to do ftp interactively. FTP has many advantages, for example, it allows you to get new free software, or updated versions of old programs, as well as useful data for your research. The most common way of using FTP is via anonymous FTP. When you start an ftp connection, you will be asked for a user name and a password.

Telnet: logging in to Remote Network Computers – Telnet is the Internet facility that allows you to execute commands on a remote host (another computer, most likely one to which you do not have physical access) as if you were logged in locally. You need to know the name of the machine to which you want to connect, and to have a valid user name in it. There is no such thing as “anonymous” telnet.

Usenet Newsgroups Usenet newsgroups, also called bulletin boards, are a similar e-mail conferencing system, but are less intrusive to the subscriber than list serves since messages are posted to Usenet sites around the world instead of appearing in each subscriber’s mailbox. Usenet refers to the huge collection of messages which are posted to tens of thousands of newsgroups worldwide. Millions of people around the world regularly read newsgroup messages, following their favourite topics of interest. New newsgroups are added and old ones deleted every day. Usenet can provide a unique information resource not readily accessible from any other source. If you are looking for personal anecdotes about products, especially computer-related hardware and software products, how-to information, practical advice, or the latest news stories, newsgroup archives may be a valuable resource.

Internet Chat

Communication on the Internet goes even further than personal e-mail, newsgroups and mailing lists, to encompass real-time conversations (synchronous communication) among two or more people. Chat is available on the Internet through Internet Relay Chat or IRC. It consists of thousands of chat channels, each covering a different topic and with participants from all over the world.

Web Conferencing Many institutions are discovering new ways to integrate Internet communications into their organizations. One of the most popular ways is through the use of web or online conferencing.

Web conferencing is currently being used by businesses for employee training, meetings and general communication. Educational institutions are using web conferencing as a way to enhance on-site classes or distance education classes. Web conferencing is a tool which provides a way for “students” to share information, ask questions, get answers, discuss problems and work collaboratively. Conferencing provides opportunities to solve issues by providing a dynamic exchange of text, graphics, HTML links to information, audio, and video in a structured conversation organized by topic. Web conferences may take place in “real-time” where all participants are communicating at the same pre-arranged time.

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